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更新:2024-01-09来源:网络 编辑:Geilien.cn 字体: [ ]

Important sentences(重点句子)

 1. How do you study for a test? 你怎样准备考试?

▲study for a test prepare for a test 准备考试

— What were you doing when I called last night?

I was studying for the math test

昨天晚上我打电话时你在干什么? 我在准备数学测验。

 2. I study for an English test by listening to cassettes. 我听录音准备英语测验。

▲by 靠,用(方法,手段等),后接动名词(doing…)

He makes a living by repairing bikes 他靠修车为生。

▲listen vi.后加to再接名词。

My sister was listening to music when I got home 当我到家时,姐姐正在听音乐。

 Listen! Someone is knocking at the door !有人在敲门。

3He studies by asking the teacher for help 他靠求助于老师来学习。

▲ask sb for help求助于某人

—You can ask me for help if you have trouble

—Thank you1 will



4Do you ever practice conversations with friends? 你曾经和朋友练习过会话吗?

▲ever adv. 用于疑问句和否定旬中,曾经” Do you ever worry that you’ll fail a test? 你担心考试会不及格吗?

▲practice vt(Am.E) practice (Br.E) 练习


5. What about listening to cassettes? 听录音怎么样?

▲what about + n.prondoing? how about + nprondoing

例如: WhatHow about going to the movies tonight? 今晚去看电影怎么样?

6. What about reading aloud to practice pronunciation? 靠朗读来练习发音怎么样?

Reading aloud is very helpful in leaning English 朗读在学英语中很有帮助。

7I’ve learned a lot that way 我那样学到了很多。

 ▲a lot 代表一个不可数名词。例如: Though he is younghe knows a lot 他虽然很小,但他知道很多。

▲that way相当于一个副词,way用于whichthisthat之后,构成短语,那样。如: Don’t talk to your parents that way 别那样和父母说话。

8It improves my speaking skills 它能提高我的口语技巧。

▲Improve vt. 改进,改善,提高

His work is improving slowly 他的工作在慢慢改进。

Her pronunciation has greatly improved 他的发音大大提高了。

▲speaking skill 口语技巧

listening skill 听力技巧

writing skill 写作技巧

9. It’s too hard to understand to voices 听懂不同的声音很困难。

▲too + adj.adv. + to do “……而不能……”。又如: He is too young to go to school 他太小,不能上学。 She runs too slow to catch up with me 她跑得太慢追不上我。

10This week we asked students at New Star High School about the best ways to learn more English.本周我们问新星中学学生关于多学点英语的最好方法。

▲ask sb about sth 询问某人关于……的情况

Ask her about the pen that you lostShe may have found it 问问她你丢的钢笔,也许她捡到了。

▲the best ways to do sth = the best ways of doing sth ……的好办法

Who can tell me the best way of memorizingto memorize new words? 谁能告诉我记单词的最好办法是什么?

11. She said that memorizing the words of pop songs also helped a little 她说记流行歌曲的歌词也有点帮助。

▲that引导的是宾语从句,在宾语从句中memorizing the words of pop songs为动名词短语作主语。例如:

Teaching English is my job 教英语是我的工作。

Doing morning exercises is good for your health.做早操对你的身体有好处。

▲a little有点,代表不可数名词,其反义词为a lot

 Would you like some sugar in your coffee? 你的咖啡里想加糖吗?

 Yesjust a little 好,要一点点。

12He’s been learning English for six years and really loves it 他学英语有六年了,并且很喜欢它。

▲“hashave been doing sth”现在完成进行时,表示从过去某一时间开始持续到现在,还要进行下去的动作。又如:

She has been learning English for 5 years 她学英语有五年了。

He has been reading for 2 hours and hasn’t finished it yet 他看书有两个小时了,但还没有完成。

13. He finds watching movies frustrating because the people speak too quickly 他发现看英语电影很令人失望,因为人们说话太快。

动名词watching movies在此句中作宾语,又如: I like playing basketball 我喜欢打篮球。

▲frustrating为现在分词充当形容词作用,在句中作宾语watching movies的宾语补足语。 ▲find sbsth + n.adj.doing “发现某人……”,后面的“n.adj.doing”作宾语补足语。又如: I find him a hard-working student 我发现他是个勤奋的学生。

I find physics difficult to learn 我发现物理很难学。

When she got homeshe found him lying in the bedill 当她到家时,她发现他躺在床上病了。

14She added that having conversations with friends wasn’t helpful at all 她补充说和朋友练习会话一点帮助都没有。

▲having conversations with friends为动名词短语作宾语从句中的主语,要特别注意,动名词短语作主语时,谓语动词用单数形式,不要与friends一致。例如:

 Taking care of the little kids is her job 照看孩子们是她的工作。

▲not…at all 一点也不,用来加强语气,又如: I don’t agree with him at a11 我一点也不同意他的意见。

15. We get excited about something and then end up speaking in Chinese 我们会因为某件事变得很激动,最后用汉语来描述。

▲end up达到某种状态或采取某种行动,又如:

At first he said nothing but he ended up apologizing 一开始,他什么也不说,到头来还是道了歉。

161’m doing a survey about learning EnglishCan l ask you some questions? 我正在就关于学习英语作调查。我能问你几个问题吗?

▲do a survey about sthdoing sth 关于……作调查 Last weekwe did a survey about surfing the Internet 上周,我们就网上冲浪作了个调查。


 Could you please lend me some money? 你能借给我些钱吗? (希望得到肯定回答)

 Did you buy her any gifts? 你给她买礼物了吗?(询问信息)

171 often keep an English notebook. 我经常记英语笔记。  

▲keep vt. 记录(某事),在某物上做书面记载

She kept a diary for over twenty years. 她写日记有20多年了。

I have the habit of keeping notes.我有记笔记的习惯。

18I can’t pronounce some of the words.有一些单词我不会发音。

▲somemanyallmostnonefew…of the + 名词

Most of the students love reading.多数学生喜欢看书。

191 make mistakes in grammar. 我在语法方面老犯错误。

▲make a mistakemake mistakes 犯错误

Don’t be afraid of making mistakes when speaking English. 当说英语时不要怕犯错误。 by mistake 错误地.

Do you know that potato chips were invented by mistake? 你知道炸薯片是被错误发明的吗?

20I don’t know how to use commas. 我不知道怎样使用逗号。

此句的宾语是由疑问词how加不定式to use commas构成的,这是个简单句,它可以改为一个复合句。例如:

I don’t know how I should use commas

I don’t know what to do.= I don’L know what I should do. 我不知道该做什么。

Can you tell mc when to start? = Can you tell me when I should start? 你能告诉我何时出发吗?

21Why don’t you join an English language club to practice speaking English? 你为什么不加入一个英语俱乐郝来练习说英语昵?

 ▲Why don’t you do…? = Why not do…? 表示建议,意为为什么不……?”,又如:

Why don’t youWhy not go to school by bike when there’s heavy traffic? 当交通很拥堵时,你为什么不骑白行车上学呢?

▲join加入某组织成为其中的成员,take part in参加某种活动,attend参加会议,报告,演讲等。例如:

His father joined the Party in 1976. 他爸爸是1976年入的党。

People often take part in sports after work. 工作之余人们经常参加体育活动。

I attended an important meeting yesterday. 昨天我参加了一个会。

22. l don’t have a partner to practice English with. 我没有同伴一起练习英语。

此处的不定式to practice English with作定语,修饰a partner

又如: The teacher has something to say. 老师有话要说。

He has no room to live in. 他没有房子住。

23First of allit wasn’t easy for me to understand the teacher when she talked to the class. 起初,对我来说听懂老师在班里讲话都不是件容易的事。

▲first of all 最初,首先

First of all she just smiledthen she started to laugh. 最初她只是笑,后来才放声大笑。

▲It iswas + adj. + for sb to do (句式)对某人来说做某事……

例如: It is difficult for me to learn physics well. 对我来说学好物理很难。

It is important to learn English. 学英语很重要。

24To begin withshe spoke too quicklyand l could not understand every word. 一开始,她说得太快了,我不能听懂所有的话。

▲to begin with = to start with 首先,一开始,第一 To begin with he had no moneybut later he became quite rich. 他起初没钱,可是后来相当富有了。

▲not…every + 可数名词单数 = not all + 复数名词表示部分否定并非所有的又如:

You don’t have to remember every word.你没必要记住所有的字。

Not all the students live far away from school. 不是所有的学生都住得离学校远。

25Later onI realized that it doesn’t matter if you don’t understand every word. 后来,我意识到如果有些词听不懂没关系。

▲later on 后来,以后 At first things went wellbut later on they ran into trouble. 起初事情进展地很顺利,但后来他们遇到了麻烦。

▲realize vt. 意识到,认识到(有一个逐渐认识的过程),不用于进行时和被动语态。例如: One day you’ll realize that you are wrong. 总有一天你会意识到你错了。

▲that引导的是realize的宾语从句,在宾语从句中又出现了if引导的条件状语从旬。例如: It doesn’t matter ff you can’t drive a car. 如果你不会开车没关系。

26Also l was afraid to speak in class, because I thought my classmates might laugh at me。 我还害怕在班里发言,因为我怕同学会嘲笑我。

▲be afraid of sthto doof doing sth 害怕/不敢/恐怕做某事

I used to be afraid of the dark. 我过去常常怕黑。

She’s afraid to goof going out alone at night. 她害怕夜晚独自出去。

▲might 表示可能性 He might know her telephone numberbut I’m not sure. 他可能知道她的电话号码,但我不确定。

▲laugh at sb 嘲笑 It’s bad manners to laugh at people in trouble. 嘲笑陷入困境的人不礼貌。

27. 1 think that doing lots of listening practice is one of the secrets of becoming a good language learner. 我认为做大量的听力练习是成为一名好的语言学习者的秘诀之一。 ▲doing lots of listening practice 动名词短语作主语。

▲one of the secrets of doing sth 做某事的秘诀之一,要注意one of与复数名词搭配。例如: He is one of the students who are good at soccer. 他是喜欢足球的学生中的一员。 28Another thing that l found very difficult was English grammar. 另一个我发现很困难的东西是英语语法。

▲that引导的是定语从句,修饰another thingthat在定语从句中作found的宾语。又如: Is there anything that I can do for you? = Can I help you? = What can I do for you? 我能为你做点什么? (你买什么?)

29Then l started to write my own original sentences using the grammar 1 was learning. 然后我用学过的语法造有独创性的句子。

▲startbegin to do sth = startbegin doing sth 开始做某事 original sentences 有独创性的句子,新颖的句子

▲1 was leaning为定语从句,修饰grammar,省略了先行词that

30. It’s amazing how much this helped. 真是不可思议了,这样做很有帮助。

▲It's amazing + 从句/to do sth “……真是太惊奇了It’s amazing to meet an old friend in a foreign country. 在国外遇到老朋友,真是太惊喜了。

▲It为形式主语,真正的主语是how much this helped 在例句中,真正的主语是不定式to meet an old friend in a foreign country

31Now I am enjoying learning English and l got an A in this term. 现在我很喜欢英语,并在这学期得了个“A”

注意:“A”前边用不定冠词,选用冠词时要看字母的发音,即元音音素开头的用“an”。例如: There is a “U” and an “R’’ in the word “hour’’. 在单词“hour”里面,有一个“U”和一个“R”

32She had trouble in making complete sentences. 她造完整的句子有困难。

▲have trouble in doing sth 做某事有麻烦/困难 He had trouble in understanding native speakers. 他听外国人说话有困难。

▲make sentences 造句 Do you find it hard to make complete sentences? 你发现造完整的句子很困难吗