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[2024年6月10日] 来源:Internet 编辑:给力英语网   字号 [] [] []  

端午节在农历 5 月 5 日,已有 2000 多年的历史,中国各地和全球的华人小区均有庆祝。

The Dragon Boat Festival,celebrated for over 2,000 years, takes place on the fifth day of the fifth lunar month of the Chinese calendar throughout China and in Chinese communities worldwide.



The Dragon Boat Festival is one of three major Chinese holidays, along with the Spring Festival and the Mid-Autunm Festival. Of the three, it is possibly the oldest, dating back to the Warring States Period in 227 B.C. The festival commemorates Qu Yuan, a minister in the service of the Chu Emperor. Despairing over corruption at court, Qu threw himself into a river. People jumped into their boats and tried in vain to save him. Then, hoping to distract hungry fish from his body, the people scattered rice on the water.



In 2008, the Dragon Boat Festival was listed as a national holiday. In May 2006, the state council listed it on the first national intangible cultural heritage list. In September 2009, UNESCO formally considered and approved it as a world intangible cultural heritage,it became the first Chinese festival to be included in the world intangible cultural heritage.




大门上挂菖蒲和艾叶草 Hanging Calamus and Moxa

划龙舟比赛 Dragon Boat Race

吃棕子 The Culture of Zongzi

作香袋 Spice Bag

喝雄黄酒 Realgar Wine



Zongzi is the most delicious Dragon Boat Festival food, So how is the delicious and beautiful zongzi made?


粽子的分类:肉粽 蛋黄粽 白米粽 豆沙粽......

The kinds of zongzi :meat、yolk、rice、red dates 、sweet bean paste......

不论种类如何,粽子的制作殊途同归。No matter what kind the zongzi is, the method to make zongzi is the same.



First Step:Get the ingredients ready(wash rice, reed leaves and so on )



Second Step:Put the rice into the leaves and then put other ingredients in, parcel it.



Third Step:Put the zongzi into the pot and cook for a while, then the delicious zongzi are out of the oven.


赛龙舟(Dragon boat racing)是端午节的一项重要活动,在中国南方尤为流行。关于这项运动的由来,有一种说法是为了纪念中国古代的著名爱国诗人屈原。龙舟的大小和样式多种多样,但一般都带有装饰性的龙头和龙尾。赛龙舟不仅是一种体育和娱乐活动,它更能体现人们心中的集体主义和爱国主义精神。赛龙舟现已被列入国家级非物质文化遗产名录。

Dragon boat racing is an important activity of the Dragon Boat Festival, and is particularly popular in the south of China. As for its origin, one version is that it is held in memory of Qu Yuan, a famous patriotic poet in ancient China. The dragon boats vary in sizes and styles, but they are generally rigged with decorative Chinese dragon heads and tails. Dragon boat racing is not only a kind of sports and recreational activities, but also reflects the spirit of people’s collectivism and patriotism. Dragon boat racing is now among the National Intangible Cultural Heritage List.



Dragon boats look like Chinese dragons. A team of people row a dragon boat together. At the front of the boat, one team member beats a drum to encourage histeammate. It is said that the winning team will bring luck and happiness to the people of their village.


On May 23, 2011, the activity was approved by the State Council for inclusion in the third batch of national intangible cultural heritage.



Nowdays, Dragon boat racing has developed into a water sport, with competitions held nationwide on the fifth day of the fifth lunar month.



In 2010, the activity became an official event for the first time at the Asian Games, which were held in Guangzhou, Guangdong province.


饮雄黄酒 Drinking Realgar Wine


The ancients said: "During the Dragon Boat Festival, the weather is hot, the five poisons awaken, and it is not peaceful."



This refers to after the Dragon Boat Festival, various poisonous insects like centipedes, scorpions, snakes, lizards, and toads start to awaken, and epidemics gradually increase.



Realgar is a type of mineral. The ancients used realgar to treat skin conditions like eczema or insect bites.



They also ground realgar into powder and mixed it with wine to drink, praying for the avoidance of illness.



However, modern medical research has found that realgar contains arsenic and is slightly toxic, requiring very careful dosage.


挂艾草 Hanging Mugwort


Mugwort symbolizes inviting good fortune and is a medicinal herb that can treat illnesses. In folk beliefs, mugwort is regarded as a tool for driving away evil spirits and purifying the surroundings.



Mugwort is usually tied into a bundle with red thread and hung at the door, repel mosquitoes and promote health.


佩香囊 Wearing perfume pouches


On Dragon Boat Festival, parents also need to dress their children up with a perfume pouch. They first sew little bags with colorful silk cloth, then fill the bags with perfumes or herbal medicines, and finally string them with silk threads. The perfume pouch will be hung around the neck or tied to the front of a garment as an ornament. They are said to be able to ward off evil.


系五彩绳 Tying 5-coloured strings


These five colours are blue,red,yellow,white and black representing  the five elements. People believe that this will help keep evil away.


玩立蛋 Egg Balancing Game


It is said that the time of the year with the strongest energy is at noon on the Dragon Boat Festival.



Between 11 AM and 1 PM, if you can successfully balance an egg on its end, it is believed to bring you good luck for the whole year.

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